Xavier + Jean Pauchard

The Model A chair has become an icon. The chair was designed by Xavier Pauchard (1880-1948). In 1907, Pauchard discovered that he could protect sheet metal from rusting by dipping it in molten zinc, or galvanising it. Shortly after the First World War, he found himself in charge of a flourishing manufacturer of galvanised sheet-metal domestic items. In 1927 that he registered the trademark Tolix, when he changed production to chairs, armchairs, stools and metal furniture.

That classic Model A chair was designed in 1934. They were immediately popular, not just in cafés but also in factories, offices and hospitals. By the end of the 1950s, the factory (now managed by son Jean) had about 80 workers and produced some 60,000 units annually. The company remained in the family until 2004. Now, the chair is part of the collections of the MoMA in New York, the Pompidou Centre in Paris and the Vitra design collection in Weil am Rhein in Germany.


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