Ludwig Mies van der Rohe began his career working in his father's stonemasonry business. He went on to work under Bruno Paul, although later joined the practice of architect and designer Peter Behrens; the creative director of the AEG electric company.
Mies established his own office in Berlin, in 1912. His career in modernism continued, as he became a member of the Deutscher Werkbund and a director of the Bauhaus.
He immigrated to the United States in 1938, like many others to escape the second World War. In the U.S he set up another practice in Chicago. His buildings include the German Pavilion for the 1929 Barcelona Exposition, the Tugendhat Villa in Brno, Czechoslovakia, the Seagram Building, designed with Philip Johnson, a cluster of residential towers along Chicago's Lakeshore Drive in Chicago, and the Illinois Institute of Technology campus, where he was the director of architecture.